Bayamo is the capital of the province of Granma. It is known as the cradle of Cuban independence, because here, in the Sierra Sierra, the Revolution began, which would end the Batista regime.
Founded by Diego Velázquez in 1513, being one of the oldest cities in Cuba. It counts on being the second town founded by the Spaniards in Cuba.
The natives, the Tainos, succumbed to the diseases that the Spaniards took and to which they were not prepared. This small town became a symbol of the colonial splendor of Spain in the 16th century.
This was enriched thanks to the cultivation of sugar cane and trade with the pirates, which made this city one of the richest on the island.
Among its local heroes stands out Carlos Manuel de Céspedes who commanded in 1868 the army to free the city from the Spaniards.
It did not achieve its objective and Bayamo was set afire to avoid that it was occupied by the Spaniards, what made its great architectural patrimony disappear.
Bayamo is known for its parties every night on Saturdays, and for its chess players.
Among its places of interest, you can not miss Céspedes Park, where the Revolution was proclaimed from its town hall, the Bayamese promenade, the parish church of San Salvador, or the place where the Bayamesa, in 1868, sang the National Anthem of Cuba for the first time.
1. Céspedes Park
It is one of the main meeting places among the Bayamenses. Every Sunday the city’s band performs in the square.
It was the place chosen by Cespedes in 1868, to proclaim the independence of Cuba, officially known as the Plaza de la Revolución.
In it we can see 2 statues, that of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, who was the hero of the first war of Cuban independence and that of Perucho Figueredo, who is the author of the National anthem.
2. Parish Church of San Salvador
It was one of the first churches founded in Cuba. To the left is the chapel of Nuestra Señora de los Dolores which was built in 1720.
Next to Hymn Square, it was built in 1516 and resisted the fire of 1869. In it the main nave and the main chapel were destroyed, but the chapel of Nuestra Señora de los Dolores was able to get rid of the fire.
It was not until 1916 that it began to be restored and since then it has had 5 more restorations.
Do not miss visiting this church, since apart from being one of the most beautiful in the province, it is one of the oldest in Cuba.
3. House of Estrada Palma
He was born in 1835 and was one of the founders of the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
After the War of Independence, Estrada Palma happened to be the first president of Cuba.
4. Window of Luz Vázquez
Here he sang for the first time this famous bayamesa in 1851.
Her husband, the composer Francisco Castillo, waited for his wife to appear and sing the song she composed along with Carlos Manuel de Céspedes.
It counts on being the first troubadour song of Cuba and precursor of the National anthem of Cuba.
This was one of the first houses to burn during the fire that struck Bayamo, being burned by Luz Vázquez herself.
5. Paseo Bayamés
His real name is General Calixto Garcia, but everyone knows him as Paseo Bayamés.
One of the busiest areas for Bayamis and tourists, as it is its main shopping street.
In it you can find shops, bookstores, restaurants, stalls selling … in this street is also located the wax museum and the archaeological.
You will also find numerous statues and benches for resting.
6. Tower of San Juan Evangelista
In 1798, in the Church of San Juan Evangelista, it was the first of America in which the dead began to be buried outside the precincts of the Church.
In 1869, with the fire that devastated Bayamo, this church was completely burned, and only the portico and bell tower remained standing, giving these place to the entrance to the necropolis.
This old cemetery happened to become in 1920, in the Place of San Juan and to grow with new streets.
This square has an obelisk erected in memory of the poet José Joaquín Palma; A plaque commemorating the confrontation Nico Lopez had with a patrol of the army of Batista on July 26, 1953.
The eighteenth-century tower houses a funeral monument of Francisco Vicente Aguilera, general of the Cuban liberation army.
And you can not miss the statue of Francisco Vicente Aguilera, inaugurated in 1957, where you can see 33 medallions of the heroes of independence.
7. Beach Las Coloradas
In this beautiful beach you will be able to enjoy, as much of the nature as of its history, since this beach was chosen for the famous disembarkation of the Granma in 1956.
At this point a monument, the Liberty Cover, was erected at the point where the rebels landed on December 2, 1956 to begin the armed conflict.
We can also see a real-scale replica of the Granma yacht.
This beach is located within the so called National Park of the Granma, and is surrounded by a lush vegetation in which the red mangrove stands out, hence its name.
It has cabins, spa, restaurant and activities so you can enjoy this Caribbean beach and its warm and transparent waters.
You can also enjoy excursions to the Sierra Maestra and know and see the camps where they prepared to start the Revolution.