Santiago de Cuba is the second city of Cuba in terms of importance.
It is known as the cradle of the Revolution because in its mountains Fidel Castro and Che Guevara hid among others and it was where they convinced the Cuban people to join their revolution.
It is advisable to start the tour early, since Santiago is riddled with slopes and is usually quite hot, which could make the journey an authentic martyrdom.
The best way to get to know it is by wandering around and discovering its buildings, the daily life of its inhabitants …
Then, I put a route of sites that you can not pass by. This route has an approximate distance of 1.7 kilometers.
1. Museum of the Cuartel Moncada
Moving away from the route we arrive at this historic place of the Revolution where the assault took place on July 26, 1953.
Composed of 10 rooms where you can see weapons, texts and images that capture the history of Cuba, from the conquest to the Revolution.
The action of July 26 takes special relevance.
2. Museum of the Carnival
The construction of the building dates from the late eighteenth century.
It has a room dedicated to the musical instruments of the different groups, and a courtyard where folklore is recreated, both regionally and nationally.
They recreate the carnivals of the Colonial era, the Republic and the Revolution.
In it you can see floats, costumes, ornaments and trophies.
3. Museum Emilio Barcardí
It is a mansion of neoclassical style that belonged to the founder of the brand of rum that bears his name and who became mayor of the city.
It is worth more on the outside than on the inside.
4. Céspedes Park
In it you can see the Cathedral of Santiago. Facing this is the City Hall and between them the House of Diego Velázquez.
The Cathedral of Santiago de Cuba. It was destroyed by flames several times; victim of earthquakes and hurricanes; coveted by pirates and corsairs;
Its construction began in 1522 and ended in 1526.
The ambition of the corsairs that infected the Caribbean, caused that it was remade between the years 1666 and 1670.
The earthquakes of 1678, 1766, 1852 and 1932, caused it to be partially or totally destroyed.
Town hall. This institution was founded by Diego Velázquez in 1516.
On January 1, 1959, Fidel Castro went to the town from his balcony and explained the direction the Revolution was going to take. It was the first speech he gave in a Free Cuba.
Its first mayor was the conquistador Hernán Cortés.
In the beginning the roof was guano and had a prison on one side and a hospital on the other, with the town hall in the center.
The house of Diego Velázquez. Located to the left of the town hall, it counts on being the oldest colonial house in America. Built in 1516 by Hernán Cortés, in it resided the first governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez. Inside it has a museum.