Camagüey is the biggest third city of Cuba. Known as the city of the “tinajones”, he is to 535 km from the Havana for the central road. Also it possesses an airport, the Ignacio Agramonte who effects a daily flight between the Havana and Camagüey.
Founded in 1514, it was one of the first seven villas founded by the Spanish, happening to be one of the most important colonial cities of the island. Still it preserves Churches of baroque style and picturesque squares, being the most extensive second historical center of Cuba after the Havana.
Qualified as one of the most beautiful cities of Cuba, Heritage of the Humanity was declared by the UNESCO in 2008.
His narrow and labyrinthine streets finish in numerous squares and small squares.
A pleasure to get lost for his streets, in this tour of 1,5 kilometres approximately, you will be able to find:
1. Plaza de San Juan de Dios
It is possible to say that it is the Camagüey’s most picturesque corner.
Both the square and the surroundings, they are between the colonial zones better preserved of Camagüey. It is the only one of his squares that supports his original tracing.
Between his constructions stands out a former hospital re-turned into museum and his more important building, the church of San Juan de Dios.
It is possible to accede to the tower of the church to be able to enjoy his conference.
In his altar we can see one of few images of the Holy Spirit with human form and a sculpture that represents his three forms in different positions.
2. Plaza del Carmen
In his paved streets we can observe a few sculptural figures that prominent figures recreate as the pair of lovers, the reader of newspaper or the water seller between others. These figures are based on royal prominent figures of Camagüey’s daily life.
In her we can emphasize the women’s hospital constructed in 1823 that happened to be a school, the church of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, the only one who possesses 2 towers in Camagüey, who was constructed in 1825 and the Monastery of the Ursulinas of 1829.
The architectural values of the church of Carmen reside in the front, the front page and the dome together with the vault.
It suffered 2 precipices and had to be reconstructed in 2003 respecting his original characteristics.
3. Parque Agramonte
Antigua Plaza of Weapon, called like that in 1899 because in the center, dominating, one finds an equestrian statue of bronze to natural size of the local hero, Ignacio Agramonte, mounting in his steed with a machete in the hand. This one was inaugurated in 1912.
Agramonte happened of being, owner of sugar household tasks, to leader of the rebellious forces of Camagüey. He died in 1873 in the battle of the Guásimas.
As curious information, to indicate that when the heroes were dying in combat, the horse was representing with both front legs lifted simultaneously, in this case one was thinking that Agramonte had not died immediately, by what the horse is represented by a front leg in high place and another semiappeal.
To the left side one finds the church of Our Lady of Candelaria, constructed in 1864. In 1688, the famous pirate Henry Morgan, kept the parents of the city enclosed in the church without food until they revealed where they had his exchequers hidden.
4. Casa Natal Ignacio Agramonte
Nice colonial house which value resides in being the natal house of the hero of the Cuban independence Ignacio Agramonte.
Inside we can see both the original furniture, and decorative objects of the 19th century. Also we can see documentation it brings over of the paper that Agramonte played in the War of the Independence.
5. Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Merced
You cannot get lost this impressive colonial church. The legend tells that a supernatural figure in the year 1601 emerged of the water, since then, this church it turned instead of worship.
This set was built in 1747. To the right of the choir it is possible to see the Holy Sepulchre that was realized in 1762 by 20.000 coins of molten silver. Also he has a few catacombs in those who guard some bones and different religious objects.
This church is in the square of the Workers, in whose center we can see a ceiba.
6. Iglesia de la Soledad
Constructed between the year 1733 and 1736, Republic and Ignacio Agramonte is in the intersection of the streets. In his interior his baroque fresh air stands out.
This church, together with that of the Merced, is between the Camagüey’s most ancient buildings, preserving his constructive composition almost in his integrity.
In December, 1776 the major altar was blessed and the image of the Virgin was placed.
The most ancient sculptures that remain in the church are, on one hand, the Virgin of the Soledad of the 18th century and for other one, an image of Santa Barbara of the 19th century.
Still his baptismal battery entrusted Barcelona preserves, and that was installed in 1864 by a cost of 239 dollars. In her there was baptized the local hero and Major General of the Army, Ignacio Agramonte in 1841.
The population awards, inside his historical center, the major symbolic value to this Church.
In the alley of the Soledad there is a coffee where you can listen to live music.